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Solana is a blockchain built for mass adoption. It's a high performance network that is utilized for a range of use cases, including finance, NFTs, payments, and gaming. Solana operates as a single global state machine, and is open, interoperable and decentralized.

The learning curve for developing on Solana can be steep, and navigating the platform's technical complexities can be challenging. Fortunately, using Código Interface Description Language (CIDL) can make the development process much more manageable.


We can develop on Solana using what is called Solana native/vanilla or the Anchor Framework. With Código AI generator, we can generate Solana native or Anchor code.

Before we dive into building on Solana, it's important to understand some basic Solana concepts. By covering these foundational concepts upfront, we'll ensure you have the necessary knowledge to proceed confidently. If you already know these basic concepts, you can jump directly to the quickstart on building Native Program or Anchor Program


A Solana keypair is a pair of cryptographic keys consisting of public and private keys. The public key identifies the owner of a Solana account, while the private key signs transactions and proves ownership of the account.


In Solana, an account is a data structure that can hold information and has a unique public key associated with it. Accounts are crucial for storing and exchanging information on the network.

For clarity, some data types of the AccountInfo fields were simplified.In Rust, [u8] represents a byte array.


Programs are responsible for interpreting the instructions sent inside each transaction. These programs are often called "smart contracts" on other blockchains. In Solana, a program is an AccountInfo where the field executable value is set to true. The program compile output, Berkeley Packet Filter (BPF), is stored in the data field.


We need to wrap our heads around that everything in Solana is an Account!

Program Derived Account, PDA

One of the main reasons Solana has gained significant traction is the power PDAs bring to building dApps. In the simplest form, a PDA Account is an Account whose signing authority is a program. In other words, a PDA Account is owned by a program, and only this program can sign on behalf of the PDA.


The smallest contiguous unit of execution logic in a program. An instruction specifies which program it is calling, which accounts it wants to read or modify, and additional data that serves as an auxiliary input to the program.

Account Meta and Instruction


While Instructions are the basic unit of computation in Solana, they are submitted by clients in Transactions containing one or more instructions and signed by one or more Signers. Solana executes the instructions in a transaction in order and only commits changes if all instructions terminate without producing an error or exception.

Transactions do not directly contain their instructions but instead include a Message, a precompiled representation of a sequence of instructions.

Next steps

With this minimum knowledge of Solana Basic, we can start writing Solana programs with the CIDL.

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